The Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme
Over the years these activities have increased mani-fold. Training in both Civil and Military fields, is a growing requirement for developing countries under pressure to upgrade their human resources skills and performance levels to meet the challenges of an increasingly competitive global environment. Civil training under ITEC covers all costs, from international travel to local tours, food, accommodation, course material etc. Military Training costs are partially covered under ITEC and partially (international travel) by the sending country.
Since 1964, India has provided civil training to over 10,000 trainees from various countries, mainly in Nigeria, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe (African Continent), Syria, Yemen (West Asia), Mongolia, Vietnam, Philippines, Cambodia & Central Asia Republics and Indonesia (in Asia) and Cuba, Guyana, Panama, Jamaica and Suriname (South America). Between 1995 and 1998, over three thousand Government nominees from various countries were trained in diverse fields including diplomacy, mass-media, foreign trade, management, audit and accounts, banking, man-power planning, agriculture, rural development, small scale industries, computer and information technology etc. This year (1998-99) about 1325 nominees were trained.
n addition, 1995 and 1998, nearly 400 Military personnel received training in various prestigious national institutions including the National Defence College (New Delhi) and the Defence Services Staff College (Wellington). In 1998-99, 128 slots were utilised for training in defence fields such as Security and Strategic Studies, Defence Management, Artillery, Electronics, Mechanical, Marine and Aeronautical Engineering; Anti-Marine Warfare, Nuclear Biological, Chemical Defence and Damage Control; Hydrography; Logistics and Management, and Qualitative Assurance services.
Tata ambulances and 20 incubators being handed over to H.E. Dr. Sam Nujoma, President of the Republic of Namibia by Mr. P.S. Haer, High Commissioner (Ambassador) of India (Nov 17th, 1998.
A major ITEC Project was the renovation of the Temple of Angkor Vat in Cambodia in the 1980s. An Entrepreneur and Technical Development Centre (ETDC) in Dakar (Senegal) at a cost of Rs. 130 Million and a 'Plastic Technology Demonstration and Common Facility Centre' in a backward region of Namibia at a cost of Rs. 34 Million were set up in 1998-99, the former in fulfilment of a G-15 commitment.
Twenty-three Indian experts are currently on long-term deputation of 2 to 3 years to Ghana, Guyana, Laos, Mauritius, Namibia, Seychelles, Zambia and Zanzibar to advise the Governments of these countries on technical and developmental subjects such as health, agriculture, engineering, teaching, accounts, water management and irrigation etc. Over the years, Indian experts have effected improvement in vital developmental sectors of the economies of many countries with their well considered advice which is generally respected for being most relevant to the needs and capacities of developing economies. Expenses on maintaining the experts are shared with the host country, although the larger share is borne by ITEC.
Under the study visits Programme, senior decision makers from various countries are invited to India for exchange of views and guided exposure to Indian capacities in fields of interest to them, such as, small scale industry, agriculture, health and education, trade etc. Between 1995 and 1998 delegations from Ghana. Kenya, Senegal, Russian Federation, Morocco, Burkina Faso, Mongolia, Kyrghyzstan, Namibia, Iraq, South Africa, Ivory Coast, Azerbaijan, Madagascar, Guyana and Palestine visited establishments in India such as Agricultural Universities, Export Processing Zones, Research Laboratories, Small Scale Units and Workshops etc. In 1998-99, delegates from Mozambique, Vietnam, Zimbabwe, Namibia, South Africa, Mongolia and Kyrghystan have visited various industries and R&D centres in India and discussed with Indian experts cost-effective (appropriate) methods of improving the products of the small scale units, agricultural machinery manufacturers, communication technology etc. ITEC bears all expenses, including international air fares, of the study visit programme.